(hereinafter, the “MOEX CGC”) and the Results of the Implementation of Governance Principles Presented in MOEX CGC In accordance with Bank of Russia Ordinance No. 5062-U of 17 January 2019.

Moscow Exchange (hereinafter, MOEX) fully complies with its own Corporate Governance Code whose new version was approved by the Resolution of the Supervisory Board of 14/10/2019.

Information on the results of the implementation of corporate governance principles set out in Chapter I, Section 4, Clause 4.2 of MOEX CGC:



Implementation Results


Support of MOEX governance system that corresponds to its strategic goals, corporate values, activity peculiarities and clients’ needs and interests

A special feature of MOEX is that, on the one hand, it is a public company with shares traded on the regulated market and, on the other hand, it sets corporate governance standards for Russian public companies (including itself) as a part of the listing procedure. In this regard, active participation of MOEX and MOEX Group (hereinafter, the Group) in improving the level of corporate governance of Russian companies is one of its strategic initiatives, set out in its strategy.

Compliance with the principles and best practices of corporate governance, as well as Group’s strategy, is a key condition for MOEX successful development. MOEX aims to set the example for other public companies in implementing high standards of corporate governance.

MOEX’s corporate governance system includes the system of governing bodies, supervisory bodies and other MOEX bodies and the system of the relationship between governing bodies, supervisory bodies and other MOEX bodies and its shareholders and stakeholders.

The system of MOEX bodies engagement with MOEX shareholders and stakeholders is based on the following principles:
  • safety and effective use of shareholders’ funds;
  • mitigation of risks that investors are unable to assess;
  • corporate accountability;
  • respect for the interests of MOEX customers;
  • disclosure of the information in order to ensure transparency of MOEX activities to stakeholders.


Support of MOEX Supervisory Board’s activities based on the following:

  • strategic governance;
In accordance with MOEX Charter, the Supervisory Board performs strategic governance of MOEX through the following:
  • identification of the priorities and main focuses of the activity;
  • participation in the development and approval of the strategy, supervision of its implementation, as well as determination of the development strategy and evaluation of the results of controlled companies’ activity;
  • approval of the budget (business plan), amendments to the budget (business plan), as well as approval and evaluation of its implementation.

MOEX strategic goals are defined under the MOEX Group Strategy. Strategic goals of MOEX are subject to continuous monitoring based on the Strategy of the Group.

Thus, in 2019, the Supervisory Board approved by its Resolution dated 14/10/2019 the MOEX Group Strategy (previously considered at the meeting of the Strategy Planning Committee of the Supervisory Board). The Strategy defines MOEX strategic goals until 2024.

In 2021 the Supervisory Board reviewed and (or) approved the following strategies of MOEX and the MOEX Group:
  • Clearing Development Strategy of the MOEX Group for 2024 (resolution of 04/03/2021);
  • amendments and addenda to Strategy 2024 of the MOEX Group (resolution of 23/04/2021). Also in 2021, the Supervisory Board

approved the new version of the consolidated business plan of the MOEX Group for 2021-2023 (resolution of 30/09/2021) and corporate key performance indicators (targets) of the Moscow Exchange for 2022 (resolution of 09/12/2021).

  • MOEX Supervisory Board’s supervision of activities of MOEX executive bodies, as well as of decision-making aimed at the elimination of faults in the activity of MOEX executive bodies, in the case of their detection as a result of such supervision;
The Supervisory Board of MOEX controls activities of executive bodies by means of the following:
  • election of sole (temporary sole) and collegiate executive bodies, early termination of their powers and approval of terms of employment contracts with them, including the establishment of the amount of their remuneration;
  • approval of positions overlapping by members of executive bodies in governing bodies of other organisations;
  • approval of the policy on remuneration payable to executive bodies and control of its implementation;
  • control of strategy implementation;
  • consideration of annual reports and, if necessary, interim reports of the Chairman of the Executive Board and members of the Executive Board on their performance, as well as quarterly reports of the Executive Board on the results (including financial highlights) of MOEX activity and decision-making on the results of their consideration, including decisions on bonus payment;
  • approval and assessment of corporate and individual key performance indicators (targets) achievement by the Chairman of the Executive Board and members of the Executive Board for the reporting year.
In 2021 the MOEX Supervisory Board reviewed and took under advisement the following documents:
  • report of the MOEX Executive Board on performance, financials and implementation of the MOEX Group Strategy in 2020 (resolution of 04/03/2020);
  • reports on performance in 2020 (meeting individual KPIs/targets for 2020) of members of the Executive Board of MOEX (resolution of 04/03/2020);
  • report of the MOEX Executive Board on operational and financial highlights of the MOEX Group in Q1 and April-May 2021 (resolution of 24/06/2021);
  • report of the MOEX Executive Board on MOEX performance (including financial highlights) in Q2 and July-August 2021 (resolution of 30/09/2021); - report of the MOEX Executive Board on MOEX Group performance (including financial highlights) following 11 months into 2021 and forecast for the execution of the consolidated budget of the MOEX Group in 2021 (resolution of 09/12/2021).

On 4 March 2021, the Supervisory Board decided to pay out bonuses to members of the Executive Board based on 2020 performance.

On 9 December 2021, the Supervisory Board approved individual KPIs (targets) principles for members of the Executive Board, individual KPIs (targets) with their weights, thresholds and annual bonus calculation algorithms linked to KPIs for 2022 for the MOEX CEO (Chairman of the Executive Board) and individual KPIs (targets) with their weights, performance levels (including minimum and maximum percentages of targets achievement and bonus calculation algorithm) for the Executive Board members for 2022.

  • Assessment of working efficiency of the MOEX Supervisory Board, as well as assessment of the quality of committees work under the MOEX Supervisory Board and disclosure of the results of such assessments;

The MOEX Supervisory Board assesses its own performance and performance of its members, as well as performance of committees under the Supervisory Board. Working efficiency of the Supervisory Board and committees of the Supervisory Board is assessed based on the MOEX Methodology of Corporate Governance Assessment approved by the MOEX Supervisory Board on 21 October 2016.

Performance assessment is carried out in the form of internal assessment (self-assessment and competence assessment) – once a year, and independent evaluation (with the involvement of an independent expert) – once in 3 years.

Thus, in spring 2019, an external independent consultant, LEADERSHIP VECTOR company, assessed the Supervisory Board’s performance. The findings of the external assessment (Report of the independent consultant On the Results of the External Assessment) were considered at the in-person meeting of the MOEX Supervisory Board on 25 April 2019. A substantial part of the recommendations mentioned in the Report was implemented, while some recommendations are in the process of implementation.

In 2020-2021, an internal assessment of performance of MOEX Supervisory Board and committees under the Supervisory Board was conducted. Based on the performance assessment results, the Director of the Corporate Governance Department reviewed and prepared a report along with an action plan to improve current corporate governance processes related to the performance and delineation of authorities of governing bodies.

Information on performance assessment of the Supervisory Board and committees under the Supervisory Board is included in the annual report and is disclosed on the official website of MOEX.

  • Separation of supervision functions and governance responsibilities and of individual and collective responsibility of members of the MOEX Supervisory Board.

MOEX Supervisory Board’s governance and control functions are segregated according to the Charter.

The Supervisory Board controls, among other things, the following:
  • corporate governance practices, including those related to material corporate actions
  • The list of material corporate actions is specified in Chapter II, Section 8, Clause 8.1. of MOEX CGC;
  • financial-economic and business activity;
  • executive bodies’ activities.

In regard to governance functions, the Supervisory Board provides, among other things, overall management of MOEX, namely, it determines the main guidelines, development strategy and priorities, approves the consolidated business plan (budget) of the MOEX Group and defines principles and approaches to the organisation of risk management, internal control and internal audit systems.

Members of the Supervisory Board in the exercise of their rights and duties act in the interests of MOEX in good faith and reasonably. They are obliged to reimburse MOEX and shareholders acting in the interests of MOEX, for losses caused to the Company through their fault, if it is proved that the member of the Supervisory Board acted in bad faith or unreasonably in exercising his/her rights and duties, including if his/her actions (omissions) were not consistent with the ordinary terms of civil-law transactions or normal business risk.


Ensuring the functioning of internal control, internal audit, MOEX risk management system

MOEX has in place the risk management and internal control system that complies, among others, with the requirements of the Russian legislation applicable to MOEX as trade organiser, as well as with international recommendations for building risk management and internal control systems.

The risk-oriented approach is applied to the internal control system. Internal control is ensured by MOEX governing bodies (General Meeting of Shareholders, Supervisory Board, Executive Board and the Chairman of the Executive Board), Audit Committee of the Supervisory Board, external auditor, Internal Audit Service, Internal Control Service, Internal Control and Compliance Department, risk and business continuity management subdivisions, security subdivisions and other subdivisions and employees of MOEX (including the Chief Accountant and his or her deputies), that ensure control within the scope of their authorities, as outlined in MOEX internal documents.

The internal control follows the three lines of defence principle, which is in line with the best international practices.

The first line of defence means all employees of MOEX business functions and operation subdivisions involved in the detection, assessment, and management of risks inherent in daily activity, as well as in development and implementation of policies and procedures that govern existing business processes.

The second line of defence comprises the Department for Operational Risk, Information Security and Business Continuity, Internal Control and Compliance Department, Internal Control Service, Security Department, Legal Department and certain Finance Unit employees and subdivisions. The second line of defence performs continuous monitoring and risk management, controls MOEX compliance with the federal laws and regulations adopted in accordance therewith and compliance with trading rules and MOEX constituent and internal documents as part of the following areas:
  • ensuring information security, inclusive of protection of interests (goals) of MOEX in the information domain;
  • ensuring compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and with MOEX constituent and internal documents;
  • ensuring non-involvement of MOEX and its employees in illegal or unfair activities, including legalisation (laundering) of criminal proceeds and financing of terrorism;
  • eliminating illegal use of insider information and (or) market manipulation;
  • eliminating conflicts of interest, including identification, control and prevention of any consequences thereof.

The second line of defence supports the first line of defence on the matters regarding identification of regulatory risks, development and implementation of control procedures, clarification of applicable law requirements and preparation of monitoring reports for governing bodies.

The third line of defence is the Internal Audit Service that independently assesses the efficiency of processes developed by the first and second lines of defence and delivers independent and objective information to governing bodies on efficiency and effectiveness of financial and economic activity, efficiency of assets and liabilities management, including assets safety, and efficiency of management of trade organiser risks. The governing bodies of MOEX define internal control and risk management principles and approaches.

MOEX has in place a risk management system that is appropriate to the nature and scope of its transactions and includes risk mitigation measures; risk monitoring system that ensures submission of necessary information to MOEX governing bodies; and the process to manage major risk types that may adversely affect its activities as trade organiser and financial platform operator. Risk management functions are distributed between the Supervisory Board and its committees, executive bodies, heads of subdivisions responsible for particular directions of MOEX activities where risks may arise, special subdivision responsible for risks arising in the activities of the trade organiser, Internal Control Service, as well as consultative and advisory bodies of MOEX.

From 2021, MOEX risk management priorities shifted to predicting potential risks inherent to business processes. In 2021, implementation of MOEX Group’s Risk Management System Development Strategy 2024 (hereinafter, RMS Strategy 2024), approved by the Supervisory Board in October 2020, continued. In 2021, the Risk Management Committee of the Moscow Exchange Supervisory Board approved the RMS Strategy 2024 Roadmap.

The Risk Management Strategy 2024 outlined the following areas of risk management development:
  • supporting the key business development areas identified in the RMS Strategy 2024;
  • improving risk and capital management tools and processes at the Group level;
  • maintaining the infrastructural role of the Group;
  • risk-culture development across the Group.
The Risk Management Strategy 2024 defined the following priorities in management of non-financial risks:
  • strengthening the current risk management tools;
  • finding and implementing new tools;
  • risk-culture development.

The Risk Management Strategy 2024 also identified the system’s success criteria, risks related to the RMS 2024 implementation and measures aimed at preventing such risks.

Information on the risk management system is brought to shareholders, trading and clearing members, the Bank of Russia and other stakeholders on a regular basis either in the form of reports or on the website.

Stabilisation 3.0 programme, which comprises independent assessment of the internal control system and operational and compliance risk mitigation efforts is implemented at the level of MOEX Group. One of the main focuses of the programme is to improve compliance culture and develop new channels for risk communication among employees of MOEX Group companies.

Seeking to develop a unified approach to compliance risk management in the Group companies and to coordinate the relevant divisions of the Group companies, the Company has established the Steering Committee for Compliance under the Chairman of the MOEX Executive Board. The main objective of the established Committee is to develop unified compliance risk management policies and procedures for the Group companies.

MOEX ensures independent internal audit function (Internal Audit Service) by segregating its functional and administrative accountability.

Within functional accountability, the Supervisory Board took the following resolutions:
  • approve the Internal Audit Policy (Standard) of the Moscow Exchange. Audit reports (resolution of 26/03/2021);
  • approve the Internal Audit Policy (Standard) of the Moscow Exchange. Provision on the Internal Audit Unit (resolution of 26/03/2021);
  • approve the Internal Audit Policy (Standard) of the Moscow Exchange. Programme to ensure ongoing and follow-up quality control of internal audit (resolution of 26/03/2021);
  • approve the Internal Audit Policy (Standard) of the Moscow Exchange. Risk-oriented planning (resolution of 26/03/2021);
  • approve the Internal Audit Policy (Standard) of the Moscow Exchange “Conduct of audits” (resolution of 26/08/2021);
  • review the report of the Head of the Internal Audit Service (IAS) of the Moscow Exchange on the performance of the IAS of the Moscow Exchange in 2020 (resolution of 04/03/2021);
  • approve amendments to the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service Plan for 2021 (resolution of 26/03/2021 and 25/05/2021);
  • approve amendments to the terms and conditions of the employment contract with the Head of the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service (resolution of 29/04/2021);
  • approve the maximum amount of salary of the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service employees (exclusive of the IAS Head) (resolution of 27/09/2021);
  • approve amendments to the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service structure (resolution of 27/09/2021);
  • approve the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service Plan for 2022 (resolution of 22/12/2021);
  • review report on the audits performed and the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service’s results for H1 2021 (resolution of 30/09/2021);
  • approve key performance indicators (targets) of the Head of the Moscow Exchange Internal Audit Service for 2022 (resolution of 22/12/2021).
Within administrative accountability, the Chairman of the Executive Board:
  • allocated the necessary funds within the approved budget of the Internal Audit Service;
  • provided support in dealing with the divisions of MOEX.

Internal audits at MOEX, including relations between the Internal Audit Service and other divisions and the external auditor of MOEX, are organised and performed in accordance with the Provision on the Internal Audit Service.

Internal audit employees operate within the framework of applicable laws and professional standards.


Ensuring prevention, identification, and settlement of conflicts of interest related to MOEX activity as well as the fight against corruption

Measures taken by MOEX as a trade organiser and financial platform operator to prevent conflicts of interest are regulated by MOEX internal documents, including the Provision on Identifying and Preventing Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Trade Organiser and Financial Platform Operator Activities by the Moscow Exchange, which was approved in 2021. Such measures aim to prevent situations in which personal interest of MOEX employees may affect their fair and efficient discharge of duties.

In terms of managing corruption risks, MOEX follows key principles set out in the Anti-corruption Policy approved in 2020. Namely, a zero tolerance approach to corruption; employee engagement; development and implementation of measures to minimise the likelihood of involvement of MOEX and its employees in corruption practices; investigations into good-faith reports of violations of procedures for preventing and combating corruption and holding the guilty persons liable regardless of their position, length of service or other conditions, if they commit corruption offences as part of their duties; mandatory screening of counterparties; and monitoring of the efficiency of the anti-corruption standards and procedures that are in effect.

MOEX prevents and detects corruption and manages anti-corruption efforts through the instruments described in the Policy, namely:
  • anti-corruption efforts:
    • existence of a body that controls procurement procedures to decide on contract awards;
    • counterparty due diligence, including checking for conflicts of interest and relations with public officials and Exchange employees; and inclusion of anti-corruption provisions (clauses) in contracts;
    • establishment of criteria for identifying gifts and procedure of gift-taking and gift-giving by employees;
    • possibility of reporting corruption risks (also anonymously) by employees through the Speak Up! whistleblowing helpline;
    • management of conflicts of interest;
    • monitoring and assessment of corruption risks;
  • setting procedures to identify violations;
  • setting procedures for in-house investigations;
  • defining measures to respond to confirmed cases of corruption.

Measures aimed at the management of conflicts of interest, arising in cases of conflict between MOEX interests and personal interests of the members of governance bodies due to their business, friendly, family and other ties and relations, as well as in cases of conflict between their responsibilities in relation to MOEX and to other persons, are defined in The Policy on the Management of a Conflict of Interests and Corporate Conflict in Moscow Exchange approved by the Supervisory Board. The Policy defines obligations of the governing body members related to the implementation of measures to manage conflicts of interest. It outlines approaches and methods to prevent and detect conflicts of interest, including identification of transactions involving a conflict of interest (including transactions with securities of MOEX, interested-party transactions and transactions made outside the ordinary course of business that carry a potential conflict of interest).


Ensuring equal and fair attitude towards all shareholders (participants) in exercising their right to participate in MOEX governance as well as the balance between the rights and interests of customers, MOEX contractors and other stakeholders

MOEX ensures equal and fair attitude towards all shareholders in exercising their right to participate in the governance of the Company. One special feature of MOEX’s shareholding structure is the absence of a controlling shareholder. Each shareholder is entitled to take part in the General Meeting of Shareholders held in the form of joint presence, exercising their right to vote in a convenient manner: by sending voting bulletin by mail, personally participating or using an electronic form of voting. In the reporting period, the General Meeting of Shareholders was held in the form of absentee voting (without joint presence of shareholders to discuss agenda items and take decisions on issues put to a vote) in accordance with the applicable law. Each shareholder was allowed to take part in the General Meeting of Shareholders held in the form of absentee voting, exercising their right to vote in a convenient manner: by sending voting bulletin by mail, using an electronic form of voting or giving voting directions (instructions) to record keepers of rights to MOEX’s shares in accordance with the Russian law on securities. MOEX shareholders are allowed to vote electronically by filling in an electronic voting ballot on the website. To ensure equal attitude towards all shareholders, MOEX provides information on holding the meetings, including materials for the meeting, both in Russian and in English. Voting ballots are also available in English, which, in accordance with OECD recommendations, eliminates voting obstacles for foreign shareholders.

In preparation for the AGM, MOEX holds the Shareholder Day in the form of an Internet conference where MOEX management presents yearly results and answers questions of the conference participants in real time. At General Meetings held in the form of joint presence shareholders are given the opportunity to communicate with MOEX management and receive feedback on the issues of interest to them, whereas members of the executive bodies and the Supervisory Board, the Chief Accountant, representatives of the auditor, and candidates nominated for election to the Supervisory Board are always invited to attend the Annual General Meeting.

Given that many of the MOEX’s shareholders are also its customers, MOEX ensures equal treatment of customers in offering its services, thereby avoiding any unfair advantage. MOEX follows the principle of respecting the best interests of MOEX and MOEX Group service users through creating user committees by type of activities carried out by financial market participants, type of contracts executed in organised trading and type of securities placed by issuers. Along with user committees, which simultaneously serve as market section councils according to law on organised trading, MOEX has voluntarily established individual committees to ensure a regular dialogue with its customers and their participation in shaping business initiatives. The user committees review most of the business innovations that MOEX implements, as well as tariff policy and technological solutions.

Moreover, MOEX strives to build long-term and sustainable mutually beneficial relations with its contractors. MOEX has in place a competitive procedure for selecting contractors that makes the contracting process transparent and allows to select the best contractors for the company.


Ensuring transparency of MOEX activity and effective communication with its shareholders (participants) and other stakeholders

MOEX sees timely and full disclosure of information as an important tool for building long-term confidence-based relations with shareholders, adding to MOEX’s value and its ability to raise capital and to maintain confidence of shareholders, investors and other stakeholders. MOEX seeks to ensure that its shareholders and other stakeholders have access to information on all material facts of MOEX’s operations to enable them to make informed investment and management decisions. The main approaches and principles of information disclosure by MOEX are established by the Information Policy whose new version was approved by the Supervisory Board in 2020.

According to the Information Policy, information disclosed by MOEX is divided into three groups:
  • information about MOEX activities as an issuer of securities and as trade organiser subject to mandatory disclosure under the legislation and regulatory documents;
  • information subject to voluntary disclosure at the discretion and choice of MOEX;
  • information made available at the request of stakeholders.

For user convenience, Information Disclosure and Compliance sections are available on the official website of MOEX. The Information Disclosure section comprises the following subsections: Issuer’s Information Disclosure, Trade Organiser’s Information Disclosure, Financial Platform Operator’s Information Disclosure and Other Disclosures. Information is also disclosed in the news feed. Compliance section comprises the following subsections: MOEX Compliance, Codes of Good Practice and Compliance Hotline.

For foreign shareholders and investors a special section is available on the English page of the MOEX website. It contains news for investors, key information on MOEX shares, dividend policy and payments, financial and operating results of MOEX activities, compliance, corporate governance, past and upcoming events for investors and shareholders, as well as contact information.

The Head of Investor Relations is responsible for shareholder and investor communications. Contact details are available on the website of MOEX.

MOEX management regularly communicates with investors and shareholders and their representatives through news feeds, press releases, annual reports, presentations and other investor materials, meetings and special events for analysts and investors, road shows, investor conferences, as well as quarterly conference calls and webcasts for analysts and investors, featuring financial highlights for the reporting period and management commentary. The listed special events were mostly digital in 2021. MOEX management also actively engages with the media.

These measures help both investors and shareholders stay posted to be able to take informed investment decisions.

Communications with current shareholders of MOEX and, if necessary, with shareholders/participants of MOEX Group companies, including during the preparation for the General Meetings of Shareholders, are ensured by the Corporate Governance Department.


Striving for further progress with a view to sustainable development of MOEX and increased return on investments in the equity capital

Seeking to ensure sustainable development and increase the return on investments in the equity capital in the long term, MOEX governing bodies acknowledge the need for continuous improvement of MOEX corporate governance system, taking into account its level of development and the impact of external factors, as well as the need for ongoing control over the observance of the rights and interests of shareholders and other stakeholders.